°@€; D3_ŸÓ€WĞñ9ˆî>§O_pı™ıüóõÇw÷ï™Ë~ùåöı;6qÙËD°œM®ÿşˆs=¹�O®çs— 6_N\îº"`ó›ÑÑÅÅ �eóš —¾ÿ‹_sƒ{T_ó”Mÿ3ÿur7ŸÜ}D ×ûàÄÜY,nD±§Í¨_sáII~�ÇL½j]�c�Nç_÷Ş×ˆgp(GZÈ`A 7,â®´¾ìAx X =.D‡ÒaìÈÅ�w�ˆöäz—¹÷£�I@Êòiè¤ì¦ÈÙoÓØÉTӨ׋lúÇÎEï|ëÔ£!E0?‘. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Fewer than 800 million people populated the Earth in the mid-18 th Century. xÚìѱ ð|Jöï8vezÔh »];M2øˆ9xÏá9 jk¨ Pakistan, like all other less developed parts of the world, is facing the formidable challenge of poverty reduction, economic growth and [much exposed] rapid increase in population. High Fertility rate harms the health of the mothers and children, increases the health risk … Download full-text PDF ... between 1992/93 and 2007/08 in Pakistan. Population refers to a group of organisms of the same kind or specie living in the same place at the same time. The annul population growth rate of Pakistan is 1.67% which is higher than average growth rate of South Asian countries, which is an alarming situation for Pakistan. Chart and table of Pakistan population from 1950 to 2020. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. High rate of population growth in Pakistan means poverty, illiteracy, low living standard, absence of prosperity and vicious circle of poverty. The growth rate of Pakistan is 2.09 %. Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world with its population estimated at 207.8 million in 2017. The maximum growth i.e. Causes of Overpopulation 1. "eI|ÕFäÔ ÿ¿ Œ¶Õµı£œ÷ΘD\m‹Ş˜5Ï{Ü…¤¦İº‚ºP^ÜtfFCÀ—­%+† o–]œ¶9%2÷�ó.dμ”g­ŒÚ8*~Ğ$AV¼qD²07Õï’Š9!°0Ô2Ë]ÿ�æJğù‰é'|'¶¶_/ì:¼5ûaTï�à�Éœíå²7çª íƒòc/òş°j–Ͼ€+Ÿ\?V}„Úfğï,-iÉ1…ÿÄZR�İѾhûÑ��eR6öã’Ù�OVş1{èíÅïímzš¾cÆõKïï–xqéõ5 ÷—ğhÅöo2¯go»uÊòÑÎ¿ÕŞûH#ş´6wğŒ²tñWE¶¥Ák§µDczç�(Ní¯ÜœZ2°áE²‚†½‹6WENS•Tå.�½E;°0¥@›¼m~©¬ >yû­‡²wÛú×妮8­÷?N¡¯áv W²ú†d™ÿ†”êKCvTœÎ,ßÙÊÉ3«Ç¯Ñk�'ğMóŸ|ï²ÛÔ5J`ÖÍ�¸¡Sò zc%gšxíÜÇ_ÌÜ–ò¤ÆcËîä�½Êüºjä…7E¬»©k½©³@³)u�eV0oSÛÑàÉò¾LÊQşÌ+-³Â¿Ê뛤»²¶ĞßÉ¢¥@§Ñ{í�õ‡5'Ğz¤FûN­ˆ©q�Ûv¸Bgí=t`EÇ j8÷÷›*Íw¢®„³ÒëÂÏ];Ôx‰ÙIi¥ÁÕJç©­.œÍ„îíö~äµ[�‡.íCÓ¾F«w_ĞœÓW2Dx?qM†=æ´ÂmUÕVgmªYÈıìàş´æšıÎ Department of Statistics University of Malakand Chakdara population of pakistan is increasing rapidly day by day due to the following causes • higher brith rate • economic finacial • socio cultural • old tradition of early marriage • religious support • political constraints to family planing • medical technical constraints to family planning support to higher birth • quality of service constraints to family planning support to higher birth • death control • higher … The rate … 3. )øJ 0)ƒb¢*²{69 „ˆ�ó’b$ƒ¢ıŠ /C,‚´gZ¬FÇD‹—ÚÅJĆɋ‚Älx›t‰f„µàFÇXÚ²¨Würk5X~Kìb‘ZG{óA‹‘„„e{iËŸÛ4öBÆQlõ4¯×‘k1A¹‚¸ÿXš z>ÇŠ_r‚VB|Åä¼ĞA9ظ_Š5Nñ¯šúmöU ¸®„¿Æª{ıÚód_nMÿY~ÉR?¿4ì[£Šá_´,9hÀŠQ8°`Àÿ?¤k�‰.ATd²�eƒ>ìYtÍÁ9¨ˆ ê–£¸ix¨Şü¦`6ì1ŞÃ”ríc»0,‡a!ÀQ¯Pİ`ıI©�û_¼Ì¸oÀï¼P#À;á=À‹n û0P ¼x<=]¿äãÑ;¸ï6ÿpêà„‡kï�¸Z_»Ğ{oí�ÍŸÕ쯩/2›ï¤V™Ó–å•ïë¾3wkUwıØÒŠî™!ë÷˜›ı Poverty is believed to be the leading cause of overpopulation. Changing consumption pattern has led to rising demand … The manufacturing sector contributed 17.9% to GDP and 15.3 % to GNP and showed a growth of 6.96 % in 1997-98. The trend line figure 2 below generally indicates that total population in Pakistan is increasing and is likely to go up even worse in the years to come. The Causes. The latest population census has shown that Pakistan … endstream endobj 3356 0 obj<>/Outlines 2644 0 R/Metadata 2728 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 2724 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 2730 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20141218150133)/PageLabels 2722 0 R>> endobj 3357 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 3358 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 3359 0 obj<> endobj 3360 0 obj<> endobj 3361 0 obj<> endobj 3362 0 obj<> endobj 3363 0 obj<> endobj 3364 0 obj<>stream Rapid population growth is the bane of the economy of underdeveloped, poor and developing countries in the world. This Report therefore takes a position that is neither hopeless nor overly opti- mistic. According to the current statistics Pakistan‟s total population is rising 3 percent every year and if the trend continues it will increase from 180 million today to 380 million people by … In 1980’s, there were 6-7 children per women at an average but declined to 4-5 children in 1990’s. It is expected that after a 30-years interval, the country would house 338 million people. 1. that unemployment causes suicides and crimes in the society. ( See table 3.1 & fig 3.3).The growth rate reached its peak in 1972 and it has been continuously declining over the years. Low per capita income shows the population explosion. main one of the key forces contributing to further population growth until replacement fertility is reached. 26/02/2020 at 6:06 am . POPULATION There are a number of factors that contribute to overpopulation. There are several factors which contribute in population growth including high fertility rate, inadequate family planning (FP) practices, reduction in mortality rate, and low level of literacy particularly in women. H‰ŒWÛrÛÈ}çWÌ#˜G˜Á}kkS’­$Úµ-—ÅMjKÉÈ In 1950 the mortality rate was twenty-seven per … Per capita income in Pakistan is about $ 1254. 6.821 trillion. K.P.K Dir (L). Figure 2 below, shows that in 2015, total population in Pakistan was pegged around 188 million people. According to Karl Marx, population growth is a symptom rather than the cause of poverty, resource depletion, pollution and other social ills. Economic consequences of environmental degradation. â}âàÈeW�Ô�Û\€têŞ½óà Kç(xE¿ğ1úc 0Ø„ÙI|Œ£Sèèeéc€Ó+¦à…OŒÊà¤QË ÿ[�–~†WŒ©Rÿ‡ææÌSİt挥Õê�‹�©RÑ>{{0±ıÅ�Ú¿«¥zn]Á9´×¤áß¾JØ»ÀU�£ºÓŸÛ»dà=¸\@ æÒŒ‡MHѶ1²ånëJş$[Î *–€?f#&u£|!±]ˆ5:XÄ"ˆÙ¤›Æf#¶“f™íÒÆ"ö 1)0ŠÈXC[ÆMÈrÄD? These include heavy pressure on land, land degradation, forests, habitat destruction and loss of biodiversity. The causes of high rate of unemployment are lack of education, lack of capital, lack of proper skill, Poverty, and High rate of population growth in Pakistan. The difficulties caused by rapid population growth are not primarily due to finite natural resources, at least not for the world as a whole. major causes which include natural growth in population and internal migration/relocation (Arif and Hamid, 2009). Its population growth rate of 2.40 percent is the highest in South Asia and stands in sharp contrast to the 1.0–1.5 percent growth rate of other South Asian countries. Both countries have attempted to deal with this issue in the decades past and in the present day. Population growth and economic development are contributing to many serious environmental calamities in India. Hence, in order to sustain economic growth there is a high demand on already scarce natural resources. By Fayaz Ahmad See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Afzal (2009) examined the impact of population growth on economic growth in Pakistan using annual time series data for the period 1951 to 2001. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. ?áÿi|«¾òÎ(Éꀈ¤âºj�ù{“¾®ë©¹5¯ÏúÓ”â°è3K›ÎeŠ�›b]e9ÖIU÷Gïmù�™§¹¬õ Ö1Ûı[Z'û•*! A very high birth rate has led to a growth rate of 2.1 % in Pakistani population. endstream endobj 3367 0 obj<>/Size 3355/Type/XRef>>stream You can change your ad preferences anytime. While in other underdeveloped countries, the population growth rate has slowed down significantly, it is a different story in Pakistan. In Pakistan people are not well aware from he concept of the family planning and this is the main root cause that give rise to the over-population. Declining mortality Rapid declines in mortality have been the main cause of population growth in the past. Pakistan’s population increased from 40 million in 1955 to 220 million in 72 years. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. BRIEF OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS-PAKISTAN SCENARIO Pakistan is a country of 131 million populations with per capita income of US $ 488 and GDP of Rs. Population growth 1. The reason being fear of backlash from the voters in a democratic setup. Population growth in Pakistan is currently around 2% per annum. Pakistan is in a very temperate zone which causes the people to be more fertile. Most of the cities developed randomly with no proper planning of infrastructure growth to make it an urban centre. The majority of Pakistan's industrial sectors, for example fishing and agriculture, which count for more than one fourth of the output and two fifths of employment in Pakistan, are highly dependent on the country's natural resources. Another reason of increase in Population … A presentation of Fayaz Ahmad Department of Statistics University of Malakand. CAUSES OF OVER 0 ;j/ Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. A population may increase or decrease due to birth, death, immigration and migration. In this context, popula- tion control is obviously not a panacea Population growth in Pakistan has started early before the partition. As we know that per capita income derives by dividing national income on total population. size, composition, distribution and these changes raise a number of important questions of cause and effect. Urbanisation in Pakistan and its consequences. He believed that social exploitation and oppression of the less privileged people leads to poverty, overcrowding, unemployment, environmental degradation that in turn, causes over population. Major factors responsible for high population growth in Pakistan are high fertility, low contraceptive prevalence rate, high unmet need of family planning, declining mortality, custom of early marriages, son preference, poverty, illiteracy especially of women and lack of women empowerment, religious constraints, beliefs, customs, traditions and lack of recreational activities. 2) Problems of population size and growth, resource utilization and deple- tion, and environmental deterioration must be considered jointly and on a global basis. Causes and consequences of overpopulation Human population is growing exponentially. Social and Cultural System : Social and cultural needs of Pakistan demand big homes, because it is accustomed to extended family system which has patriarchy family system as its motive and it harmonizes the social system also. High growth rate of population creates unfavourable effects on the economic development in the developing countries like Pakistan. Population Growth Writing Assignment Rapidly growing populations creates not only overpopulation, but also strains the economy, job market, and livelihood of the countries’ citizens. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. A lack of educational resources, coupled with high death rates leading to higher birth rates, result in impoverished areas seeing large booms in population. Growth rate of population: The growth rate of population is the focal point the economic development of a country. Due to a high increase in the population, Pakistan is facing serious challenges like shortage of water, electricity, jobs infrastructure, public transportation, health, education law and order, and other social issues are prevailing in the society. The current population of Pakistan in 2020 is 220,892,340, a 2% increase from 2019.; The population of Pakistan in 2019 was 216,565,318, a 2.04% increase from 2018.; The population of Pakistan in 2018 was 212,228,286, a 2.08% increase from 2017. Above are the major causes of population growth but there are very governments that are determined to curb this problem. ÓOf¥ádO� §Lr>Šµx‰ô ‡>’ Among many reasons, high fertility rate is one of the most major and important cause which contribute to high population growth of Pakistan. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Nor is population growth in and of itself the main cause of natural resource problemsair pollution, soil degradation, even food availability. 1) Population growth causes a dis- proportionate negative impact on the environment. Population Growth 2. Death rate: Pakistan's extremely high rate of population growth is caused by a falling death rate. population growth is one of the root causes of poverty and low rate of economic development in the third world. Since the middle of the twentieth century, Pakistan has experienced exceptionally rapid High fertility of 6.7 % causes increase in birth rate. 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